Just Break The Poland PU!

I’ve seen this a couple times – it generally seems to happen when the Teutons ally Hungary. Having Hunyadi in the fight really makes a difference. Especially if the war happens late enough for Hungary/TO to hit tech 4 before POL/LIT.

I’ve noticed this as well. In my games the Hungarian / TO alliance seems to be major determinant as to whether the PLC thrives or is cannibalised by all of its neighbours. That general and an extra ~20,000 bodies regularly makes their first conquest backfire in a pretty sad way.

This is pretty common I think. And even if they win their early wars they are still one wrong step from being destroyed by Austria.

Yeah my Polish is really bad and I wasn’t sure on some of the grammar cases and words in this case so I thought I would risk the google translate. I got as far as “Dziękujemy” before I ran out of knowledge about Polish.

As early as possible. Usually, going in at mil tech 4 with your starting general will do the trick if you know what you are doing. Do not hesitate to go in debt to recruit mercenaries when your manpower is low. You just need to hit them super hard in the first war, and they usually never recover. Then just declare on them every time truce timer is over, and eat your way toward Europe.

I’d say catch them while they’re at war with Ottomans or Sweden, if they’re a strong independent nation that doesn’t need no Denmark.

You can still steal danzig, which prevents Commonwealth from forming.. especially if they just release them in their first war with TO, which they seem to do quite often now 🙂

Breaking the PU was never the way to go imo, since they will ally no matter what. You just need to strike really hard in the first war, occupy everything, destroy every stack they spawn and ruin their economy. Then take 100% worth of warscore in provinces. In my experience, they simply never recover, because every single one of their neighbor usually declare war on them, and even if they don’t win, they keep Polo-Lithuania down until the end of your truce.

I still feel it’s basically using 100% warscore in the first war for no real gain on your side whatsoever. Yes it does weaken Polo-Lithuania, but it doesn’t make you any stronger immediatly.

It is much much weaker than a few patches ago. It will still blob without player interference, but otherwise it is pretty easy to dismantle early on.

Poland can into your clay. If Russia or the Ottomans don’t keep it in check it will go apeshit in Asia. Best you can do is wait for the right time to invade and try partitioning it as fast as possible.

I don’t know if it’s just RNG but Poland ALWAYS seems to say ‘Screw the Commonwealth’ and doesn’t form the PU.

i don’t think it is, I’m pretty sure the AI always takes the decision if it can. It’s just that if they lose Krakow or Danzig, they can’t form it, and if they don’t form it by the auto-inherit decision, the other decision requires them to be on 3 stab.

I just restart ever game when the jagellion is introduced. Locals only.

But currently doing a commonwealth to Prussia game so I had to use its advantages this time aha.

Operation Wheelchair – Canada

I know the feeling. I live in an area that has dramatically changed since the 80s and 90s when manufacturing was booming. I see the homeless around here getting change (and bills, mind you) all the time. I see people helping them find their way around. I see people just sitting to talk to those who suffer from addiction (often brought on from a life of easy money in factory jobs with no education, then being kicked to the streets when they became obsolete)… We are often sold this narrative of the tough streets filled with awful people, but I can honestly say that I’ve seen much more good than bad out there.

The bad people make the news; the good people make the days, weeks, and lives of those who they touch. We might not all know their faces and names, but we appreciate all the good that good people do.

That’s because those are niche videos that people would only go to for help. Viral videos have people of all kinds watching. If you really want to see how stupid some people are then read public Facebook comments. The Facebook page “I fucking love science” posted something about the new Rover going to Mars. Its a rover being sent and paid for by ESA and ROSCOSMOS with minor help from CSA even. NASA has nothing to do with it in the slightest yet most of the comments people were bitching about their American tax dollars being wasted. Almost no one even read the article. I don’t know why I read Facebook comments, they just piss me off

I think most adults say those things in a joking manner, at least to some extent. I know I love to call my Canadian friends hosers, and make jokes about Canada being like our lovable retarded cousin of the north. They come back with quips about how I oughta go shoot up a convenience store because I didn’t get enough salt on my super-sized french fries.

The problem comes when children hear these statements, and think they are real values of their parents and teachers, and then start parroting it as a virtue. Well, that and stupid adults who actually believe all that crap.

I think the assumption comes from the locations they have exposure to in America. Some regions are full of wonderful people, some are full of inconsiderate idiots, with a mix of the opposite in basically all areas, though it really depends on the region. There are many more people in America than Canada, but to be honest, they are neither right nor wrong. Another point to consider is that while there is a lot of ignorance in certain regions, there is also a lot of hospitality in many of those regions. Ignorance of the world doesn’t make people any less friendly or considerate.

Point of view from a Canadian who has lived stateside a long time.

I was born and raised in Canada. I have lived in several parts of the US, visited many more. I’m currently living in Australia.

I will offer you some wisdom here. Whether you want to believe it or not, is up to you.

Americans in general are pretty fucking ignorant. More ignorant than a developed nation’s population should be. Yes, it is wrong to paint every American with that brush, because it’s not always true.

Every place you go, there will be nice people, and there will be bad people. What changes is the type of nice people you encounter.

The whole Southern Hospitality stereotype is very much true… If you are like them. If you are different in a meaningful way, that hospitality changes rather quickly. I’m pure white, but because of my ethnicity, I tan really well, and when I have a dark tan, I look Middle Eastern. The dramatic shift in attitudes towards me, was unbelievable. Places that I went to as a white man no longer treated me the same. Understand? The same people that I encountered before, treated me like total garbage after, simply because I had darker skin.

If you dig down into a person, and share your beliefs about things with each other, you’ll quickly find how unfriendly most of the US actually is. The US is only superficially friendly.

The point is… If they see you as one of their own, you’re golden. If not, then… Good luck.

Bill Nye makes fun of Neil DeGrasse Tyson’s

I don’t agree per se that there’s no evidence that conscience exists but he’s just proposing another angle to why we think there’s a conscience and such.

Was the ego check because he wasn’t directly asked? I don’t know the rules or manners in which to act in that stage setting but he felt genuinely enthused to share his opinion.

I understand that Bill and Neil may have a joking relationship and I appreciate Bill’s humor but I did NOT like that. It felt undermining and that act encouraged others to laugh at Neil rather then listen. I think if anyone needs an ego check there it should be Bill.

I’m disappointed in many up there and disappointed in these comments.

Very interesting, Neil is saying we might be off on what consciousness is. Personally I don’t think it really matters, the purpose of the term consciousness is to describe the unique (on Earth) characteristic of the human brain, the ability to be aware. So whether we are slightly off on exactly what the definition of consciousness, at the end of the day it is describing an extremely unique and powerful function of the human brain we as humans seem to understand but fail to perfectly explain and map out. Just my 2 cents, would be interested to hear Neil expand on this theory.

What he’s actually saying (somewhat poorly because he was put on the spot) is that our basic idea of what consciousness is might be wrong.

But not just that. He’s saying that what we think about what we think (yeah, hard to follow, I know) could be completely and totally wrong. That introspection could be completely off base. Perhaps even that consciousness might be an illusion or at least very different from what we “feel” it is as we experience it.

It’s not just that the theories we use to understand conscious could be wrong, it’s that our own experience of consciousness could be flawed, illusionary, or otherwise off base.

To change his metaphor slightly for clarity, it’s like the progression from Newtonian physics to Quantum physics. Newtonian physics is like what many people who study consciousness are trying to codify into a set theory. For hundreds of years, people went about their daily lives, understanding Newtonian physics on an instinctual level. Then Newton came along and codified it into law. Done.

All of this is to say, most of Newtonian physics is common sense. And what isn’t common sense is pretty easy to grasp once you understand the how and why. Newtonian physics is part of our everyday experience and so it instantly strikes us as true–it agrees with what we feel.

Then along comes Quantum physics and pretty much everything physicists have been working on for most of the last century. That shit goes deeper than Newtonian physics… and it is often completely counter-intuitive. It doesn’t “feel” right. It doesn’t make sense.

Yet the math works and the experiments we’ve been able to run check out.

Physics for almost the last hundred years has been a continually narrative of “Everything you think you know is wrong. Your everyday understanding of the universe is a lie.”

It’s not that Newtonian physics is right or wrong (after all, it got us to the Moon, how could it be wrong?), it’s that Newtonian physics is really a common-sense grasp of something much much deeper and much much stranger. Newtonian physics is a mask, a “good enough” approximation of the output that really doesn’t provide any insight into what is really happening. Put simply, Newtonian physics doesn’t exist, in the same way any lie or approximation doesn’t exist.

Tyson is taking what we’ve learned about the universe around us and applying it to ourselves. He’s saying what if, just maybe “Everything you THINK is wrong. Your everyday understanding of YOURSELF is a lie.”

Not just “you haven’t figured it out and codified it into a formal theory” or “you might be off about some of the details,” but actually: “You’re just completely wrong about everything.”

Maybe you (as “you” understand the concept) don’t even exist. On the surface it’s a completely absurd and ridiculous idea–hence the joke about smoking pot–the one thing we know is what we think. That’s the core of everything. It’s too fundamental to be wrong.

…it leads to immediate metaphorical objections such as “If consciousness is a lie, what is being lied to?” that seem to prove it is a silly idea.

But then again, more and more evidence is stacking in up in neuroscience that what we think of as “free will” and “making a choice” is actually an illusion. The choice often seems to be made before we’re aware we made it. And if that’s the case… it’s scary stuff.

The one lesson science has been teaching us for the past hundred years is that the real world doesn’t respect common sense or feeling. If everything around you can be a lie, maybe you can be one too.

Ultimately, maybe, just maybe, in some counter-intuitive way we haven’t yet grasped, “I think, therefore I am,” is a false statement.

That said, I doubt Tyson would go THAT far, but that’s the general direction he’s heading: maybe our own perception of our consciousness is wrong. Maybe when we think about what we’re thinking, we’re looking in a fun house mirror.

Carl Sagan, Stephen Hawking and Arthur C. Clarke

I only watched the first 10 minutes of it (have to get back to work) but I might be able to partially answer this question.

Through the 90’s several observations were made which allowed us to calculate the Hubble Constant, a measure of the rate of expansion of the universe. This has lead to the theory of Dark Energy which is calculated to take up ~68% of all energy in the universe (with 27% going to Dark Matter, calculated from the gravitational dynamics of galaxies, and ~5% to normal matter like you and me). We have also discovered that the universe expanded very rapidly in the beginning, cooled off for a bit, and is now expanding at a faster pace again.

We also saw direct measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) which is the radiation left over from the big bang. It shows us a snapshot view of the universe at 380,000 years old when the universe became transparent instead of being opaque. Kind of like if you’re in a plane taking off through fog and then suddenly you’re above the clouds looking down at the rolling features below.

In theoretical physics we saw the popularization of string theory with the start of M-theory which makes use of 11 dimensions. I’m not too familiar with string theory so I’ll leave that one alone.

I mean there is definitely some stuff that needs to be modernized, a lot of the technological predictions need to be adjusted and such, but some of the artistic license stuff worries me, for instance I heard that instead of talking to the Secretary General of the U.N., Supervisor Karellen talks to a midwestern farmer which seems kind of like an overused trope. Hopefully it is done in a way that makes sense though. I just hope it keeps the fundamental ideas about human evolution and the forked path between technological development and stagnation, or a hive mind.

Making Wax Models of Food in Japan

I stayed with a host family in Japan and they took me to a wax food workshop. I got to make fake lettuce and tempura and it looks so amazing. It is challenging when you have limited language skills, but fun and I definitely recommend it.

Anything by Frederick Wiseman fits the bill, though the settings of his documentaries really determine how “relaxing” they are… His movies about gardens and museums are a lot more pleasant than the ones about insane asylums and public housing projects. All great though!

I love how quiet this was. Since I’m pretty introverted, the busy office environment I’m in now where I have to maintain some level of interaction is exhausting. Working in a place like in the video with just some quiet music and the sounds of people doing their thing is really enticing.

There’s a place around Asakusa in Japan called Kappabashi Street that sells products for opening and maintaining restaurants. They have tons of this plastic food, and it can be pretty pricey if you want to stock a restaurant (nevermind custom made ones). Around 6,300 yen/$63 for a plate of “fried rice”, and I’ve heard family-size sushi platters can go up to 50,000 yen/$500.

Does anyone know more of these type of documentaries. With the video just showing things and the narrator sometimes speaks. I find it a really relaxing experience when watching.

I’ve been there a few times since the 90s. When I first went there were still plenty of places where the smoke and steam was coming up through the ground. The graveyard was particularly creepy back then.

The most recent time I visited (about five years ago) there was really little smoke. Even then all but one or two buildings had been torn down and grass had filled in over all the roads. It’s really not worth the trip to visit any more unless you happen to be in the general area.

These Two Women Are Twins – Biological Sisters Parented By White Father And Half-Jamaican Mother.

One has straight ginger hair, a fair complexion and deep blue eyes. The other has masses of curls, far darker skin and her eyes are a sparkling brown.

With such opposing looks it’s hard to believe this striking pair are sisters. But they are much more than that – they are twins.

The girls were born with radically different colouring thanks to a quirk of their mixed-race parentage.

The 18-year-olds have three older siblings, George, 23, Chynna, 22, and Jordan, 21. Lucy said: ‘Our brothers and sisters have skin which is inbetween Maria and I. We are at opposite ends of the spectrum and they are all somewhere inbetween.

‘But my grandmother has a very fair English rose complexion, just like mine.’

She added: ‘No one ever believes we are twins. Even when we dress alike, we still don’t look like sisters, let alone twins. Friends have even made us produce our birth certificates to prove it.’

Certainly at school there were no problems mistaking the twins for one another – and no way of playing tricks to confuse their classmates.

Lucy said: ‘We were in the same class, but no one had a problem telling us apart. Twins are known for swapping identities. But there was no way Maria and I could ever do anything like that.


‘Most twins look like two peas in a pod – but we couldn’t look more different if we tried. We don’t look like we have the same parents, let alone having been born at the same time.’

The twins’ interests are as different as their looks. Lucy studies art and design at Gloucester College whilst Maria studies law at Cheltenham College.

Lucy explained: ‘Maria was outgoing whilst I was the shy one. But Maria loves telling people at college that she has a white twin – and I’m very proud of having a black twin.’


  1. Non-identical twins come from separate eggs, so inherit different genes.
  2. The girls’ half-Jamaican mother carries genes for both white and black skin.
  3. By chance, Lucy will have inherited genes for white skin and Maria will have genes that code for black skin.
  4. People with Afro-Caribbean heritage often have some European DNA, dating back in many cases to the slave trade.
  5. This increases the chance of them passing on a gene for white skin to at least one twin.

10 Japanese Travel Tips for Visiting America

With the help of Google Translate (and an ability to interpret completely random sentence structure), an American can find out what kind of advice the Japanese give to their own countrymen on how to handle the peculiarities of American culture. Here are some things to look out for if you are visiting America from Japan.

1. There is a thing called “Dinner Plates.” And what goes on them is a mighty disappointment.

In Japan, each person eating gets as many individual dishes as needed for the meal. Sometimes more than 10 dishes per person are used. In America, there is a method where a large bowl or dish is placed in the middle of the table, and you take as much as you like from there, and put it on a big dish said to be a “dinner plate.”

In Japan, meals at home are for eating, because your stomach is vacant. At an American’s dinner, there is food, decorations on the table and tableware, and music to produce a fun atmosphere. It is a time for maintaining rich human relationships. Therefore, the meal is as long as 40 minutes. In addition, often the decorative tableware has been handed down mother to daughter, two generations, three generations. In addition, there are even more valuable dishes used for Christmas and Thanksgiving.

American food is flat to the taste, indifferent in the subtle difference of taste. There is no such thing there as a little “secret ingredient.” Sugar, salt, pepper, oils, and routine spices are used for family meals. There is no such thing as purely U.S. cuisine, except the hamburger, which isn’t made at home so much. There is almost nothing special to eat based on the different seasons of the year. Basically, they like sweet, high fat, high calories things.

2. Beware Rough Areas Where the Clothes Demand Attention

n Japan, hip hop clothes are considered stylish. But in the United States, it is wise to avoid them, as you might be mistaken for a member of a street gang.

The entire United States does not have good security, unfortunately. However, the difference between a place with good regional security and a “rough area” is clear. People walk less, there is a lot of graffiti, windows and doors are strictly fitted with bars. And young people are dressed in hip hop clothes that say “I want you to pay attention to me!”

3. But You’ll be Pleasantly Surprised by American Traffic Patterns.

Manners with cars in America are really damn good. Japanese people should be embarrassed when they look at how good car manners are in America. You must wait whenever you cross an intersection for the traffic light. People don’t get pushy to go first. Except for some people, everyone keeps exactly to the speed limit. America is a car society, but their damn good manners are not limited to cars.

4. Nobody is impressed by how much you can drink. In fact, shame on you.

In the U.S., they do not have a sense of superiority if they are able to drink a large amount. Rather, if you drink a lot, there is a sense that you cannot manage yourself. There is something close to contempt toward someone who must drink a lot to be drunk. To drink alcohol habitually is to have alcoholism. Alcoholics are weak people mentally, to be one means you have spanned the label of social outcasts that can’t self-manage.

Non-smokers are more important than smokers in the US. Smokers capture the concept that they are not able to control themselves, and are the owners of weak character.

5. They Have Free Time All Week Long!

In America, whether you are a student, working person, or housewife, you carefully make room for leisure time, weekdays and weekends. Most people are ensured free time, always. During the week they use it for walking, jogging, bicycling, tennis, racquetball, bowling, watching movies, reading, and volunteering. On the weekend, they enjoy even more freedom, and take liberal arts courses and have sporting leisures.

In Japan we believe that there is no free time during the weekday. Only the weekend. We spend the weekend watching TV, hanging around home, working, studying, and shopping, or listening to music.

6. Knowing how to use sarcasm is a must to communicate with an American.

If you put your bent middle and index fingers of both hands in the air, you are making finger quotation marks. It means you do not believe what you are saying. You can also say, “or so called.”

7. They tend to horse laugh, even the women. It’s how they show they’re honest.

In Japan, when a woman laughs, she places her hand so it does not show her mouth. It is disgraceful to laugh by loudly opening the mouth. Adult males do not laugh much. There is the saying, “Man, do not laugh so much that you show your teeth.”

In America, when men or women laugh, they do not turn away. They face front, open the mouth, and laugh in a loud voice. This is because in America if you muffle your laugh or turn away while laughing, you give the impression that you are talking about a secret or name-calling. It is nasty.

8. You won’t be getting your groceries anytime soon, so checkout lines are a great place to make friends.

Cashiers are slow. Abysmally slow compared to Japan. I get frustrated when I’m in a hurry. Americans wait leisurely even if you’re in the special checkout for buying just a little something. I thought Americans were going to be quite impatient, but in reality they are extremely laid back. I thought about what I should do with my time while waiting in the grocery matrix, and began to speak at length with other guests.

9. Their vending machines are ridiculously limited and dishonest.

Vending machines in the United States just give carbonated beverages. Coke particularly. If you try to buy the juice from a vending machine when you’re thirsty, it’s just all carbonate. I pressed the button and thought it would be a nice orange juice, but carbonate came out. I love carbonated, but there are times when it will make you sick indeed.

10. But darn it all, they’re so weirdly optimistic you just can’t stay irritated at them.

In Japan, there is great fear of failure and mistakes in front of other people. It is better to do nothing and avoid being criticized than to taste the humiliation of failure. As a result, there are things we wanted to do, but did not, and often regret.

In America, you can make mistakes, fail, and it doesn’t matter. It is a fundamental feeling that to sometimes be incorrect is natural. In addition, rather than thinking about mistakes and failures, American’s have curiosity and say, “Let’s try anyway!”

Hillary Clinton made a small fortune by arming ISIS – Wikileaks

WASHINGTON – In a sensational development, the Wikileaks founder, Julian Assange, has revealed that US Democratic presidential candidate Hillary Clinton earned $100k while she was director of a company tasked to arm the rebels in Syria.

In an interview with Democracy Now, Assange claimed that along with the office of the Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton was also the director of the French company Lafarge, which was handling the US’s secret mission in Syria that aimed to topple the government of President Assad.

“Hillary’s hacked emails include info on Hillary arming the rebels in Syria – which ultimately became the Islamic State militant group ,” he went on to say while responding to a query.

He further added: “As Secretary of State Hillary Clinton helped arm the terrorists in Syria and Libya, she helped overthrow President Assad, and even laughed about the death of former Libyan President Gaddafi”.

On the occasion, he also urged the Federal Bureau Investigation (FBI) to catch Hillary Clinton for the charges, if they “really want to”.

She archived her emails like “the library of Alexandria, there is proof within those emails that she knowingly armed jihadist including ISIS,” he said.

Earlier, immediately after FBI announced not to file any charges against Hillary Clinton over leaked emails scandal, the Wikileaks head had announced to publish more information about her.

He said that the information could easily be used by the government to indict Clinton, but was skeptical if the FBI would ever actually pursue this course of action.

“The contents of those emails will confirm that Clinton dismissed the reluctance of Pentagon officials to overthrow Libyan President Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, while they had also predicted the possible outcome of the war in Libya, that we are witnessing today,” he said.

Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire – Severus Snape v.s. Igor Karkaroff Deleted Scene

My favorite book is Goblet of Fire – Least favorite movie is Goblet of Fire My least favorite book is Order of the Phoenix My favorite movie is Prisoner of Azkaban. 🙂 The same director that did POA is doing the first Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find them Movie.

If you watch the whole movie, right after the part where this scene would have been, Harry comes up to Hermonie on the steps and she goes “where have you been?!? Nevermind!” I always found that cool since this scene got cut.

It’s a shame this is usually not shown, unless you have a version with the deleted scenes, not only because of the neat little exchange between Snape and Karkaroff but also I find it good fun to see the students misbehaving a little and basically acting like the teenagers they are. 🙂

Yeah that was one of my favorite parts too. It was an awesome nod to Greek mythology. I remember getting so excited when I first read that part in the book because I used to be a huge mythology nerd haha. Maybe it’ll show up in Fantastic Beasts if we’re lucky!

The first movie captured the wonder and magic of the world. I fell in love with it and I was the adult taking my kids to see the movie. I went out and bought the 4 books that were out and read through them that week. No other movie in the series quite pulled that off imo..

Luckily whenever the movies play on tv they add in these extra scenes. Even though I have all of the movies I always watch when it is on tv because that is the only way to see all the extra footage that isn’t on the dvd. Call me crazy but I feel like if you spend the money to own the movies you should be rewarded with these awesome extras.

The World According to Monsanto

Monsanto (now merged with Bayer) is a the largest agricultural biotechnology company in the world. They are also the planet’s leading producer of genetically modified organisms, or GMOs, a process that promotes the manipulation of traits which naturally occur in plants and crops. Ever since the company gained government approval for their first modified soybean in the late 1990s, a public debate has persisted as to the potential health hazards of GMO products.

The feature-length documentary The World According to Monsanto provides a comprehensive overview of that debate. As detailed in the film, Monsanto has long been steeped in controversy. During its earliest incarnation at the start of the twentieth century, the company manufactured a series of products which were eventually deemed unacceptably toxic in their applications, including the DDT insecticide, Agent Orange and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB).

Monsanto produced the latter in the town of Anniston, Alabama for nearly four decades. When Anniston residents began to link the chemical to increased incidents of cancer, retardation and a variety of other chronic illnesses and abnormalities, they successfully sued the company to the tune of 700 million dollars.

The film spends much effort in exploring the dangers of Monsanto’s most profitable product – Roundup, a herbicide that has proven enormously popular in both homes and agricultural communities for its ability to kill weeds. The filmmakers discover that the company was reprimanded twice for false advertising in claiming the product was biodegradable and friendly to the environment. Many concerns persist regarding its potential long-term effects on the environment and human health as proper testing has never been officially sanctioned.

The film places the blame for this squarely at the feet of the United States government and its most influential policy makers. Monsanto wields great influence in Washington, DC, and the filmmakers accuse those in power of being susceptible to the company’s strong-arm bribery tactics.

The World According to Monsanto ultimately suffers from its central framing device, which consists of filmmaker Marie-Monique Robin sifting through Google search pages to find the next lead in her investigation, as well as its one-sided view of the issue. But the evidence it does offer provides much food for thought.